Research Fields, Keywords

forest policy and planning, corporate environmentalism

Mail Address

E-mail address


TAKAHASHI Takuya currently works at the School of Environmental Science, The University of Shiga Prefecture. Takuya conducts research in Forestry, Managerial Economics and Corporate Environmentalism. His current projects include 'Socially-supported forest management under different schemes' and 'Well-being and forest management' and other ones. He uses mainly econometric and other statistical techniques for his research.

Message 【 display / non-display

  • Takuya Takahashi currently works at the School of Environmental Science, The University of Shiga Prefecture. Takahashi conducts research in Forestry and Managerial Economics and Corporate Environmentalism. His current projects include 'socially-supported forest management under different schemes', 'well-being and forest management', 'management and policies of common forests' and other ones. He employs mainly econometric and other statistical techniques for his research.

Graduate School 【 display / non-display

  • University of British Columbia  Faculty of Graduate Studies  Resource Management and Environemntal Studies Program  Doctor's Course  2001.03

Degree 【 display / non-display

  • PhD (Resource Management and Environmental Studies)  University of British Columbia  2001.05

  • Master of Management  Northwestern University  1995.06

  • Bachelor of Agriculture  Kyoto University  1987.03

Campus Career 【 display / non-display

  • University of Shiga Prefecture  School of Environmental Science  Department of Environmental Policy and Planning  Professor   2015.04 - Now

  • University of Shiga Prefecture  School of Environmental Science  Department of Environmental Policy and Planning  Associate Professor   2007.10 - 2015.03

  • University of Shiga Prefecture  Socio-Environment Planning Course  Lecturer   2007.04 - 2007.09

  • University of Shiga Prefecture  School of Environmental Science  Department of Biological Resources Management  Lecturer   2001.04 - 2007.03

Academic Society Affiliations 【 display / non-display

  • Japanese Forest Economic Society

  • Center for Environmental Information Science

  • Greening of Industry International Network

  • Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies

  • Japanese Association for Water Resources and Environment  Director

Field of expertise (Grants-in-aid for Scientific Research classification) 【 display / non-display

  • Forest science

  • Environmental impact assessment


Research theme 【 display / non-display

  • How to deal with forests, the owners or the borders of which are unknown?

    forest ownership, land registry, surveying technology

  • Management of common forests

    commons, customary holdings, Iriai forests, forest producers' cooperatives

  • Corporate environmentalism

    corporate environmentalism, environmental management system, environmental performance, carbon offsetting

Papers 【 display / non-display

  • Exploring evolving spiritual values of forests in Europe and Asia: a transition hypothesis toward re-spiritualizing forests

    Jeanne-Lazya Roux, ...,Takuya Takahashi, ...

    The Resilience Alliance  Ecology & Society  24 (4)   art20 -  2022.11

    10.5751/ES-13509-270420  Joint Work  Joint(The vice charge)


    The development of societies, including spiritual development, is closely connected to forests. The larger interrelations among changing societies, transforming forest landscapes, and evolving spiritual values related to forests have yet to be extensively considered. Addressing this research gap is important to avoid the neglect of spiritual values in forest policy and management. Our exploratory study investigates spiritual values of forests from European and Asian perspectives, assessing 13 countries. Based on expert knowledge from 18 interdisciplinary experts, we first define forest spiritual values (forest spirituality). We then elaborate on the idea that forest spirituality evolves as societies and landscapes change, and propose a transition hypothesis for forest spirituality. We identify indicators and drivers and portray four stages of such a transition using country-specific examples. We find that during a first stage (“nature is powerful”), forest spirituality is omnipresent through the abundance of sacred natural sites and practices of people who often directly depend on forests for their livelihoods. An alternative form of spirituality is observed in the second stage (“taming of nature”). Connected to increasing transformation of forest landscapes and intensifying land-use practices, “modern” religions guide human–nature interrelations. In a third stage (“rational management of nature”), forest spirituality is overshadowed by planned rational forest management transforming forests into commodities for the economy, often focusing on provisioning ecosystem services. During a fourth stage (“reconnecting with nature”), a revival of forest spirituality (re-spiritualization) can be observed due to factors such as urbanization and individualizing spirituality. Our core contribution is in showing the connections among changing forest perceptions, changing land-use governance and practices, and changing forest spirituality. Increasing the understanding of this relationship holds promise for supporting forest policy-making and management in addressing trade-offs between spiritual values and other aspects of forests.

  • Cedars of the North Mountains : Historical forest culture and practices in modern day nature policies

    W D Jong, E Urushima, A Flores, B Jacquet, T Takahashi

    Commonwealth Forestry Association  International Forestry Review  24 (3/S1)   380 - 392  2022.09

    10.1505/146554822835941896  Joint Work  Joint(The vice charge)


    The region north of Kyoto is referred to as Kitayama, which literally translates as North Mountains. The region is the location of Cryptomeria japonica, Japanese cedar or sugi, production in Japan. Cedar logs grown there are used as pillars in the construction of buildings in a typical Japanese minimalist style, but also traditional rooms included in modern houses. Cedar was planted widely in Japan following World War II not only to rebuild the economy but also to grow raw materials to contribute to post-war housing reconstruction. In Kitayama, cedar has been grown for over 600 years and using specific silvicultural techniques by a community that has a unique cultural legacy which developed around cedar cultivation. The Kitayama sugi economic-socio-cultural-ecological complex thrived following World War II but is currently under stress. Demand for its highly priced products is declining. It is recognized in Japan and by the city of Kyoto as a valuable cultural historical heritage and efforts are being made to preserve it as such. The success of these efforts has been mixed so far. This paper reviews the Kitayama sugi economic-socio-cultural-ecological complex in order to understand how historical indigenous forestry practices change over time and how they might be dealt with in advanced societies such as Japan.

  • Effects of forests and forest-related activities on the subjective well-being of residents in a Japanese watershed: An econometric analysis through the capability approach

    Takuya Takahashi, Satoshi Asano, Yukiko Uchida, Kosuke Takemura, Shintaro Fukushima, Kyohei Matsushita, Noboru Okuda

    Elsevier  Forest Policy and Economics  139   102723  2022.06

    10.1016/j.forpol.2022.102723  Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)


    The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of natural capital on overall subjective well-being and forest-related subjective well-being. A questionnaire survey of 1698 urban and rural residents living in a watershed of Japan was conducted in February and March of 2016. Multiple regression and moderation effect analyses are conducted to statistically estimate the respective influences of natural capital, human-made capital, social capital, human capital, and other demographic factors on the above-mentioned two types of subjective well-being. Forest-related activities, human engagement with forests, are supposed to be of great societal and political importance for Japanese society, where past management practices have, at least quantitatively, restored forests from past deforestation. Our statistical analysis tests whether specific engagement with natural capital (forest-related activities) is positively related to subjective well-being. Following the capability approach developed by Amartya Sen, forest-related activities are interpreted as functionings, and the analysis highlights the importance of functionings as links between natural capital and subjective well-being. The results show several forest-related activities have statistically significant effects on overall and forest-related well-being. For respondents living in less forested areas and with less social capital, forest-related activities have stronger effects on their subjective well-being, suggesting that the individual subjective well-being of urban residents and those with less social capital can be enhanced through engagement with forests.

  • Innovativeness of Japanese Forest Owners Regarding the Monetization of Forest Ecosystem Services

    Takahashi, Takuya, Takahiro Tsuge, and Shingo Shibata

     Sustainability  14 (4)   2119  2022.02

    10.3390/su14042119  Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)


    The monetization of forest ecosystem services requires actors to innovate and tackle difficulties. We conducted a questionnaire survey with forest owners—important actors in implementing monetization—to investigate their innovativeness in Japan. We measured innovativeness regarding monetization by asking whether the owner was interested in, planning for, or had implemented four types of monetization: (i) multifunctional payments, (ii) habitat payments, (iii) non-wood forest product (NWFP) sales, and (iv) forest service industries. Based on the ordered probit analyses of 312 responses, we find that ownership type, age, holding size, and the purpose of forest ownership are associated with owners’ innovativeness indices. Private and corporate owners, ones in their thirties, forties, or fifties, and with larger holding sizes are more innovative than others. Regional characteristics are not relatively important in terms of innovativeness. However, clear ownership purposes, such as investment and non-wood forest products (NWFP), are positively correlated with the indices. These findings shed new light on the entire process of innovation from conceptualization to implementation, as well as practices in under-researched geographical areas in Asia.

  • What factors are related with the levels of forest owner's forest-related subjective well-being (SWB)? Statistical analysis of a questionnaire survey in the upper watershed of Yasu River, Shiga Prefecture

    Takuya Takahashi, Yukiko Uchida, Hiroyuki Ishibashi, Noboru Okuda

    Japanese Forest Society  Journal of the Japanese Forest Society  104 (1)   39 - 43  2022.02

    10.4005/jjfs.104.39  Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)


    A past study found forest-related subjective well-being (forest SWB) of forest owners were lower than non-owners. It is important to improve owners' forest SWB because improvement could constitute a policy goal and enhance the motivation for management of owned forests. We investigated to identify the possible factors, especially the ones that are related to forest policies, to improve owners' forest SWB through simple moderation effect analyses with the whole sample and multiple regression analyses with forest owners alone from a questionnaire survey with 1,457 responses. We identified possible factors for improving owners' forest SWB such as wood-working activity, relaxing experiences in forests. Forest owners' specific conditions such as engagement as an officer of the property ward, a higher plantation forest ratio, and a higher degree of recognizing the border of owned forests also related to the higher SWB. Revenue or harvest in the past one year might improve owners' forest SWB while past revenue or harvest before one-year decreases owners' SWB.

  • Safety climate and risk perception of forestry workers: a case study of motor-manual tree felling in Indonesia

    Efi Yuliati Yovi, Dalia Abbas, Takuya Takahashi

     International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics    2021.11

    10.1080/10803548.2021.1986306  Joint Work  Joint(The vice charge)


    Timber harvesting processes, especially motor-manual felling, are hazardous to forestry workers’ health and safety. The purpose of this study is to examine forestry workers’ mental safety models (at the supervisor and operator levels) using the Nordic Safety Climate Questionnaire. This study also examines how operators and their families perceive workplace risks (dread and unknown risk factors). The safety climate analysis revealed that supervisors misunderstand management safety priority, competence, empowerment, and justice. Additionally, this study found that operators do not yet prioritize safety. There was a lack of safety communication and operators’ skepticism about the current safety system. These findings highlight the critical importance of implementing safety measures into operators’ work environments. The risk perception analysis revealed that family members had a greater risk aversion to dread risk factors than operators. As a result, we see a possibility for family members to act as safety-net figures, bolstering the operators’ safety values.

  • Factors Affecting Forest-related Subjective Well-being: A Case Study in the Upper Yasu River Watershed, Shiga Prefecture, Japan

    Takuya Takahashi, Yukiko Uchida, Hiroyuki Ishibashi, Noboru Okuda

    Japanese Forest Society  Journal of the Japanese Forest Society  103 (2)   122 - 133  2021.06

    10.4005/jjfs.103.122  Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)


    We measured subjective well-being related to forests and examined the results as well as the factors influencing these. We conducted a questionnaire survey in 2018 targeting households in the upper Yasu River watershed, Shiga Prefecture, Japan. Using factor analysis, we divided subjective well-being related to forests into four categories: satisfaction, fulfillment, positive affect, and negative affect. We conducted regression analyses using these categories as explained variables and forest-related activities and other variables as explanatory variables. Working in agriculture or forestry has a positive correlation with satisfaction and fulfillment. Forest management activities conducted for respondents' household forests or those done as a volunteer activity have a positive influence on satisfaction and fulfillment, whereas such activities conducted for their community forests have a negative correlation with positive affect. The proportions of forest in residential areas are not related to subjective well-being. Forest ownership lowers all four categories of subjective well-being. This may indicate that the low asset value of forests increases the psychological burden of forest management activities. Currently, forest restoration in Japan has been conducted in terms of quantity; the qualitative improvement of forests now requires deeper involvement from people. Given these conditions, forest-related subjective well-being should be studied in a structured manner, such as by measuring various types of subjective well-being separately, to consider how people should engage with forests and simultaneously improve their subjective well-being.

  • New Frontiers in Japanese Forest Policy: Addressing ecosystem disservices in the 21st Century

    Takuya Takahashi, Wil de Jong, Hiroaki Kakizawa, Mari Kawase, Koji Matsushita, Noriko Sato, Atsushi Takayanagi

     Ambio  50   2272 - 2285  2021.06

    10.1007/s13280-021-01566-2  Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)


    Forests are a potential solution to numerous global environmental issues, and their restoration is widely pursued. Forty percent of Japan’s forests are planted forests. This has caused the common occurrence of forest ecosystem disservices in the country, like—wildlife damage, pollinosis, and driftwood damage. Forest policy processes in Japan are characterized by incrementalism, central mobilization, and hegemony of career civil servants. Responses to forest ecosystem disservices have changed the central mobilization policy pattern. Punctuated equilibrium theory can be applied to several policy processes in Japan, but it provides only limited explanation for policy responses to forest ecosystem disservices. The responses are influenced by national governance and public administration traditions and cultures. It is relevant to expand research on policy responses to forest ecosystem disservices, recognizing that ideal responses may require unusual approaches not within traditional policy making or outside of established policy cultures.

  • Models Explaining the Levels of Forest Environmental Taxes and Other PES Schemes in Japan

    Takuya Takahashi, Katsuya Tanaka

     Forests  12 (6)   685 -  2021.05

    10.3390/f12060685  Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)


    Between 2003 and April 2016, 37 of 47 prefectures (i.e., sub-national local governmental units) introduced forest environmental taxes—local payment for environmental services (PES) schemes. These introductions are unique historical natural experiments, in which local governments made their own political decisions considering multiple factors. This study empirically evaluates models that explain normalized expenditures from forest environmental taxes as well as other PES schemes (subsidies for enhancing forests’ and mountain villages’ multifunction, and green donation) and traditional forestry budgets for Japan’s 47 prefectures based on the median voter model. Results demonstrate that the median voter model can particularly explain forest environmental taxes and forestry budgets. Specifically, the past incidence of droughts and landslides is positively correlated with the levels of forest environmental taxes. The higher the number of municipalities in a prefecture, the lower the amount of forest environmental tax spent on forests. Moreover, the number of forest volunteering groups, possibly an indicator of social capital in the forest sectors, had strong positive correlations with the levels of forest environmental taxes and forestry budgets. Other PES schemes and forestry budgets had unique patterns of correlations with the examined factors.

  • Subjective well-being as a potential policy indicator in the context of urbanization and forest restoration

    Takahashi, T., Y. Uchida, H. Ishibashi, N. Okuda

     Sustainability  13 (6)   3211 -  2021.03

    10.3390/su13063211  Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)


    The enhancement of human well-being is one of the ultimate goals of resource management; however, it is not explicitly considered by forest policy indicators. Our previous studies examined how Japanese citizens in the Yasu River watershed of the Shiga Prefecture perceived subjective well-being related to forests (forest SWB).We found a negative correlation between forest SWB and forest ownership, suggesting dissatisfaction with the low profitability of forest ownership. Based on this result, in this paper, we argue that forest SWB can be an important indicator for policymaking in the context of urbanization and forest restoration and can complement existing forest indicators focusing mainly on physical and objective properties. First, we propose that a direct measurement of well-being (e.g., forest SWB) is preferable over an indirect measurement (e.g., GDP), for policymaking processes related to forests. Second, forest SWB can reflect the quality of our interactions with forests, which is important in urbanized societies which tend to have reduced experiences with nature. Third, forest SWB could identify inequalities between the users of forest ecosystem services and forest managers. Overall, forest SWB can be a holistic indicator to capture a variety of perspectives held by citizens.

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Books 【 display / non-display

  • Urban Agriculture, Forestry and Green-Blue Infrastructure as “Re-discovered Commons”: Bridging Urban-Rural Interface.

    Takahashi, T., Uchida, Y., Ishibashi, H., Okuda, N.

    MDPI  101p  2021.12

    Scholarly Book  Joint Work

  • Encyclopedia of Forest Studies

    TAKAHASHI Takuya

    Maruzen  659p  2021.01

    Dictionary/Encycropedia  Contributor

  • Watershed Governance: Well-being of Region and Watershed's Health

    ISHIBASHI Hiroyuki, ISHIDA Takuya, TAKAHASHI Takuya

    Kyoto University Press  2020.12

    Scholarly Book  Joint Work

  • "The economics of forest resources" in Encyclopedia of Environmental Economics and Policy Studies

    Takuya Takahashi

    Maruzen Publishing  2p  2018.05

    Dictionary/Encycropedia  Single Work

  • Economics of the Environment and Resources: A Case Study Approach

     270p  2013.10

    Textbook  Joint Work

  • A Survey of International Corporate Responsibility

    M. Dobashi, J. N. Hooker, and P. Madsen (Eds.), Takuya TAKAHASHI, et. al

    Philosophy Documentation Center  366p  2009.11

    Scholarly Book  Joint Work

Review Papers 【 display / non-display

  • Environmental management in three-way satisfaction way: Learning from Ohmi merchants

    Takahashi, Takuya

     Electric Glass  (61)   9 - 13  2019.10

     Single Work  

  • Economic Valuation of Ecosystem Services: Current Status and Challenges of TEEB

    Takuya Takahashi

    Center for Environmental Information Science  Environmental Information Science  48 (1)   14 - 19  2019.03

     Single Work  

  • Iriai, cooperatives, and commons in the world: IASC 2017 in Utrecht, the Netherlands

    Takuya Takahashi

     Study of Common Forests  38   33 - 39  2018.03

     Single Work  Joint(The main charge)

  • Forestry and forest products industry in Canada and tenure systems

    Takuya Takahashi

     Forest Technologies   8 - 11  2018.03

     Single Work  Joint(The main charge)

Conferences 【 display / non-display

  • Recent changes in performance of production forest cooperatives: differences among various sizes

    The 132nd Japan Forest Society Conference  2021.03

  • Subjective well-being as a potential policy indicator in the context of urbanization and forest restoration

    The 132nd Japan Forest Association Congress  2021.03

  • Attitudes of forest owners on provision of ecosystem services

    The 132nd Japan Forest Society Conference  2021.03

  • Statistical analysis on relationship between size and profitability of forestry cooperatives

    Forest Economics Society Autumn 2020  2020.12

  • 生産森林組合の財務に関する一考察

    2020年度林業経済学会秋季大会  2020.12

  • Statistical analysis of performance of production forestry cooperatives

    The 71st Applied Forest Science Society  2020.11

  • Evidence Statements - Japan

    SINCERE (Spurring INnovations for forest eCosystem sERvices in Europe) Learning Lab, Stream 2 (Cultural and spiritual forest ecosystem services from an Asian and a European perspective)  2019.10

  • How does forest ownership influence forest-related subjective well-being? A case study in the upper Yasu River watershed, Shiga Prefecture, Japan

    Society of Environmental Economics and Policy Studies 24th Annual Conference  2019.09

  • Community actions against anticommons in contemporary Japan: Case studies of former commons forests

    International Association for the Study of Commons Global Conference  2019.07

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Other external funds procured 【 display / non-display

  • Statistical analysis on the increase in forests with unknown owners or borders

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  JSPS Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)   2020.04 - 2024.03

  • Exploratory study on the introduction of payment for environmental services for forests

    Japan Soceiey for the Promotion of Science  JSPS Grants-In-Aids for Scientific Research (C)   2021.04 - 2024.03