Research Fields, Keywords

forest policy and planning, corporate environmentalism

Mail Address

E-mail address


TAKAHASHI Takuya currently works at the School of Environmental Science, The University of Shiga Prefecture. Takuya conducts research in Forestry, Managerial Economics and Corporate Environmentalism. His current projects include 'Socially-supported forest management under different schemes' and 'Well-being and forest management' and other ones. He uses mainly econometric and other statistical techniques for his research.

Message 【 display / non-display

  • Takuya Takahashi currently works at the School of Environmental Science, The University of Shiga Prefecture. Takahashi conducts research in Forestry and Managerial Economics and Corporate Environmentalism. His current projects include 'socially-supported forest management under different schemes', 'well-being and forest management', 'management and policies of common forests' and other ones. He employs mainly econometric and other statistical techniques for his research.

Graduate School 【 display / non-display

  • University of British Columbia  Faculty of Graduate Studies  Resource Management and Environemntal Studies Program  Doctor's Course  2001.03

Campus Career 【 display / non-display

  • University of Shiga Prefecture  School of Environmental Science  Department of Environmental Policy and Planning  Professor   2015.04 - Now

  • University of Shiga Prefecture  School of Environmental Science  Department of Environmental Policy and Planning  Associate Professor   2007.10 - 2015.03

  • University of Shiga Prefecture  Socio-Environment Planning Course  Lecturer   2007.04 - 2007.09

  • University of Shiga Prefecture  School of Environmental Science  Department of Biological Resources Management  Lecturer   2001.04 - 2007.03

Academic Society Affiliations 【 display / non-display

  • Japanese Forest Economic Society

  • Center for Environmental Information Science

  • Greening of Industry International Network

  • Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies

  • Japanese Association for Water Resources and Environment  Director

Field of expertise (Grants-in-aid for Scientific Research classification) 【 display / non-display

  • Forest science

  • Environmental impact assessment


Research theme 【 display / non-display

  • How to deal with forests, the owners or the borders of which are unknown?

    forest ownership, land registry, surveying technology

  • Management of common forests

    commons, customary holdings, Iriai forests, forest producers' cooperatives

  • Corporate environmentalism

    corporate environmentalism, environmental management system, environmental performance, carbon offsetting

Papers 【 display / non-display

  • Factors Affecting Forest-related Subjective Well-being: A Case Study in the Upper Yasu River Watershed, Shiga Prefecture, Japan

    Takuya Takahashi, Yukiko Uchida, Hiroyuki Ishibashi, Noboru Okuda

    Japanese Forest Society  Journal of the Japanese Forest Society  103 (2)   122 - 133  2021.06

    10.4005/jjfs.103.122  Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)


    We measured subjective well-being related to forests and examined the results as well as the factors influencing these. We conducted a questionnaire survey in 2018 targeting households in the upper Yasu River watershed, Shiga Prefecture, Japan. Using factor analysis, we divided subjective well-being related to forests into four categories: satisfaction, fulfillment, positive affect, and negative affect. We conducted regression analyses using these categories as explained variables and forest-related activities and other variables as explanatory variables. Working in agriculture or forestry has a positive correlation with satisfaction and fulfillment. Forest management activities conducted for respondents' household forests or those done as a volunteer activity have a positive influence on satisfaction and fulfillment, whereas such activities conducted for their community forests have a negative correlation with positive affect. The proportions of forest in residential areas are not related to subjective well-being. Forest ownership lowers all four categories of subjective well-being. This may indicate that the low asset value of forests increases the psychological burden of forest management activities. Currently, forest restoration in Japan has been conducted in terms of quantity; the qualitative improvement of forests now requires deeper involvement from people. Given these conditions, forest-related subjective well-being should be studied in a structured manner, such as by measuring various types of subjective well-being separately, to consider how people should engage with forests and simultaneously improve their subjective well-being.

  • New Frontiers in Japanese Forest Policy: Addressing ecosystem disservices in the 21st Century

    Takuya Takahashi, Wil de Jong, Hiroaki Kakizawa, Mari Kawase, Koji Matsushita, Noriko Sato, Atsushi Takayanagi

     Ambio    2021.06

    10.1007/s13280-021-01566-2  Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)


    Forests are a potential solution to numerous global environmental issues, and their restoration is widely pursued. Forty percent of Japan’s forests are planted forests. This has caused the common occurrence of forest ecosystem disservices in the country, like—wildlife damage, pollinosis, and driftwood damage. Forest policy processes in Japan are characterized by incrementalism, central mobilization, and hegemony of career civil servants. Responses to forest ecosystem disservices have changed the central mobilization policy pattern. Punctuated equilibrium theory can be applied to several policy processes in Japan, but it provides only limited explanation for policy responses to forest ecosystem disservices. The responses are influenced by national governance and public administration traditions and cultures. It is relevant to expand research on policy responses to forest ecosystem disservices, recognizing that ideal responses may require unusual approaches not within traditional policy making or outside of established policy cultures.

  • Models Explaining the Levels of Forest Environmental Taxes and Other PES Schemes in Japan

    Takuya Takahashi, Katsuya Tanaka

     Forests  12 (6)   685 -  2021.05

    10.3390/f12060685  Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)


    Between 2003 and April 2016, 37 of 47 prefectures (i.e., sub-national local governmental units) introduced forest environmental taxes—local payment for environmental services (PES) schemes. These introductions are unique historical natural experiments, in which local governments made their own political decisions considering multiple factors. This study empirically evaluates models that explain normalized expenditures from forest environmental taxes as well as other PES schemes (subsidies for enhancing forests’ and mountain villages’ multifunction, and green donation) and traditional forestry budgets for Japan’s 47 prefectures based on the median voter model. Results demonstrate that the median voter model can particularly explain forest environmental taxes and forestry budgets. Specifically, the past incidence of droughts and landslides is positively correlated with the levels of forest environmental taxes. The higher the number of municipalities in a prefecture, the lower the amount of forest environmental tax spent on forests. Moreover, the number of forest volunteering groups, possibly an indicator of social capital in the forest sectors, had strong positive correlations with the levels of forest environmental taxes and forestry budgets. Other PES schemes and forestry budgets had unique patterns of correlations with the examined factors.

  • Subjective well-being as a potential policy indicator in the context of urbanization and forest restoration

    Takahashi, T., Y. Uchida, H. Ishibashi, N. Okuda

     Sustainability  13 (6)   3211 -  2021.03

    10.3390/su13063211  Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)


    The enhancement of human well-being is one of the ultimate goals of resource management; however, it is not explicitly considered by forest policy indicators. Our previous studies examined how Japanese citizens in the Yasu River watershed of the Shiga Prefecture perceived subjective well-being related to forests (forest SWB).We found a negative correlation between forest SWB and forest ownership, suggesting dissatisfaction with the low profitability of forest ownership. Based on this result, in this paper, we argue that forest SWB can be an important indicator for policymaking in the context of urbanization and forest restoration and can complement existing forest indicators focusing mainly on physical and objective properties. First, we propose that a direct measurement of well-being (e.g., forest SWB) is preferable over an indirect measurement (e.g., GDP), for policymaking processes related to forests. Second, forest SWB can reflect the quality of our interactions with forests, which is important in urbanized societies which tend to have reduced experiences with nature. Third, forest SWB could identify inequalities between the users of forest ecosystem services and forest managers. Overall, forest SWB can be a holistic indicator to capture a variety of perspectives held by citizens.

  • Community actions against anticommons of forests in contemporary Japan: Case studies of former common forests

    Takuya Takahashi, Koji Matsushita, Toshiaki Nishimura

    Taylor & Francis  Journal of Forest Research    2020.10

    10.1080/13416979.2020.1834715  Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)


    Over the past few decades, many Japanese forest owners and communities have suffered from the outcomes of anticommons (parcelization) phenomenon. Since the Edo Era (17th through 19th centuries), many Japanese commons forests have been subdivided and placed under private ownership. Individual owners of the subdivided small forests (carved out from former commons forests) have lost interest in forestry, resulting in unclear borders. Many owners have relocated outside the villages (absent owners) and/or have passed the land down through generations, resulting in unknown ownership. There are several ways to ameliorate the anticommons phenomenon in Japan, as illustrated by these examples, which we examined employing case study and comparative study approaches. 1) Despite the expense, a residents’ association successfully re-appropriated co-ownership land by “technically” suing the current respective co-owners. 2) Some residents’ associations collectively manage subdivided forests as one unit to reduce the damage caused by animals such as wild boars or deer. However, the units are still legally separate and owned by individuals. 3) A land owners’ association stipulated that a vacating resident owner must sell her forest to the remaining residents. These three cases show how motivations, other than profits, could help address the anticommons phenomenon. These motivations include the intent to keep the community’s holding intact in the event of consolidation at the municipality level, to protect the land against pest animals, and to keep the community’s drinking water pure.

  • Impacts of 150 Years of Modernization Policies on the Management of Common Forests in Japan: A Statistical Analysis of Micro Census Data

    Takahashi, T., Matsushita, K., Yoshida, Y., & Senda, T.

    Ubiquity Press  International Journal of the Commons  13 (2)   1021 - 1034  2019.10

    10.5334/ijc.936  Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)


    After World War II, Japan’s policy makers believed that common forests were underutilized because of their legal status and organization method under customary iriai-type ownership and that modern ownership in the form of group ownership, such as forest producers’ cooperatives, or as individual, separate ownership, would improve the situation. Thus, the Common Forests Modernization Act of 1966 was enacted, following successive modernization policies since the Meiji Restoration in 1868. We evaluated the impacts of the past modernization policies on the management of common forests by statistically comparing the performance of modernized and non-modernized 19,690 common forests based on the World Census of Agriculture and Forestry 2000. The performance measures for comparison included planting, weeding, thinning, and harvesting activities. We found less modernized, customary holdings are more active in tending activities such as weeding and thinning, while modernized holdings may have an advantage in harvesting and timber sales.

  • A Statistical Analysis of Forest Producers' Cooperatives Using Microdata from the 2005 and 2010 World Censuses of Agriculture and Forestry: Forest Practices and Forest Product Sales Classified by Forest Holding Area

    Koji Matsushita, Takuya Takahashi, Tetsushi Senda

    Central Japan Common Forest Research Society  Journal of Forest Commons  39   60 - 70  2019.03

    Single Work  Joint(The vice charge)

  • Forest management before establishment of a production forest cooperative: Three hamlets' common forests in Nishi-azai cho, Nagahama City

    Koji Matsushita, Takuya Takahashi

     38   77 - 89  2018.03

    Joint Work  Joint(The vice charge)

  • Impacts of modernization policy on the management of commons forests in Japan: A statistical analysis of individual data

    Takuya Takahashi, Koji Matsushita, Yoshio Yoshida, Tetsuji Senda

      International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC) 2017 Conference    2017.07

    Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)

  • Differences of developement in modernization of forest commons in relation to agricultural communities' characteristics

    Takuya Takahashi

    The Central Japan Forest Commons Research Society  Journal of Forest Commons  (37)   67 - 72  2017.03

    Single Work  

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Books 【 display / non-display

  • Encyclopedia of Forest Studies

    TAKAHASHI Takuya

    Maruzen  659p  2021.01

    Dictionary/Encycropedia  Contributor

  • Watershed Governance: Well-being of Region and Watershed's Health

    ISHIBASHI Hiroyuki, ISHIDA Takuya, TAKAHASHI Takuya

    Kyoto University Press  2020.12

    Scholarly Book  Joint Work

  • "The economics of forest resources" in Encyclopedia of Environmental Economics and Policy Studies

    Takuya Takahashi

    Maruzen Publishing  2p  2018.05

    Dictionary/Encycropedia  Single Work

  • Economics of the Environment and Resources: A Case Study Approach

     270p  2013.10

    Textbook  Joint Work

  • A Survey of International Corporate Responsibility

    M. Dobashi, J. N. Hooker, and P. Madsen (Eds.), Takuya TAKAHASHI, et. al

    Philosophy Documentation Center  366p  2009.11

    Scholarly Book  Joint Work

Review Papers 【 display / non-display

  • Environmental management in three-way satisfaction way: Learning from Ohmi merchants

    Takahashi, Takuya

     Electric Glass  (61)   9 - 13  2019.10

     Single Work  

  • Economic Valuation of Ecosystem Services: Current Status and Challenges of TEEB

    Takuya Takahashi

    Center for Environmental Information Science  Environmental Information Science  48 (1)   14 - 19  2019.03

     Single Work  

  • Iriai, cooperatives, and commons in the world: IASC 2017 in Utrecht, the Netherlands

    Takuya Takahashi

     Study of Common Forests  38   33 - 39  2018.03

     Single Work  Joint(The main charge)

  • Forestry and forest products industry in Canada and tenure systems

    Takuya Takahashi

     Forest Technologies   8 - 11  2018.03

     Single Work  Joint(The main charge)

Conferences 【 display / non-display

  • Recent changes in performance of production forest cooperatives: differences among various sizes

    The 132nd Japan Forest Society Conference  2021.03

  • Subjective well-being as a potential policy indicator in the context of urbanization and forest restoration

    The 132nd Japan Forest Association Congress  2021.03

  • Attitudes of forest owners on provision of ecosystem services

    The 132nd Japan Forest Society Conference  2021.03

  • Statistical analysis on relationship between size and profitability of forestry cooperatives

    Forest Economics Society Autumn 2020  2020.12

  • 生産森林組合の財務に関する一考察

    2020年度林業経済学会秋季大会  2020.12

  • Statistical analysis of performance of production forestry cooperatives

    The 71st Applied Forest Science Society  2020.11

  • Evidence Statements - Japan

    SINCERE (Spurring INnovations for forest eCosystem sERvices in Europe) Learning Lab, Stream 2 (Cultural and spiritual forest ecosystem services from an Asian and a European perspective)  2019.10

  • How does forest ownership influence forest-related subjective well-being? A case study in the upper Yasu River watershed, Shiga Prefecture, Japan

    Society of Environmental Economics and Policy Studies 24th Annual Conference  2019.09

  • Community actions against anticommons in contemporary Japan: Case studies of former commons forests

    International Association for the Study of Commons Global Conference  2019.07

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Other external funds procured 【 display / non-display

  • Statistical analysis on the increase in forests with unknown owners or borders

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  JSPS Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)   2020.04 - 2024.03

  • Exploratory study on the introduction of payment for environmental services for forests

    Japan Soceiey for the Promotion of Science  JSPS Grants-In-Aids for Scientific Research (C)   2021.04 - 2024.03