Date of Birth


Graduating School 【 display / non-display

  • Tohoku University  Faculty of Law  1984.03

Degree 【 display / non-display

  • Doctor(Environmetal Study)  Sophia University  2012.03

Campus Career 【 display / non-display

  • University of Shiga Prefecture  School of Environmental Science  Department of Environmental Policy and Planning  Professor   2013.04 - Now

External Career 【 display / non-display

  • Environment Agency (Government of Japan)  Administrative Staff   1984.04 - 1990.11

  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs     1990.12 - 1993.06

Academic Society Affiliations 【 display / non-display

  • Society for the Study of Human Animal Relations

  • Environmental Information Science Center

  • European Environmental Law Forum

Field of expertise (Grants-in-aid for Scientific Research classification) 【 display / non-display

  • Global Environmental Regime

  • Environmenatl Law

  • Environmental policy and social systems


Papers 【 display / non-display

  • The trend of ordinances to conserve dark sky and their triggers

    Souta Suzuki, Kenji Kamigawara

    Center for Environmental Information Science, Tokyo  Papers on Environmental Information Science, No. 35  (35)   233 - 238  2021.11

    https://doi.org/10.11492/ceispapers.ceis35.0_233  Joint Work  Joint(The vice charge)


    During the period from 1989 to January 2020, 34 ordinances has enacted in Prefectures and Municipalities (in 11 Prefectures and 23 Municipalities). Until 2000, there were only two ordinances, however, after 2001, the number has grown rapidly. All of them are distributed from Kanto area to the south. Especially, 10 of 11 Prefectures' ordinances are located from Kansai area to the west. Four of 35 ordinances aim not only to regulate lighting but also to promote those Prefectures and Municipalities. 30 ordinances have provisions for sanction (20 have fine provisions and 10 have only provision to publish names.). Municipalities in the metropolitan area, such as Saitama city enacted ordinances to conserve the dark sky, and their triggers were complaints against commercial search lights.

  • Regulation on Location of Solar Photovoltaic Stations by Local Ordinances to Regulate Location of Renewable Energy Power Stations

    Kenji Kamigawara & Yuichiro Maeda

    Center for Environmental Information Science, Tokyo  Papers on Environmental Information Science, No. 34  (34)   323 - 328  2020.12

    10.11492/ceispapers.ceis34.0_323  Single Work  

  • What kind of legislation can contribute to on-site management? –Comparative case studies on legislative developments in managing aquatic invasive alien plants in France, England and Japan

    K. Kamigawara, K. Nakai, N. Noma, S. Hieda, E. Sarat, A. Dutartre, T. Renals, R. Bullock, J. Haury, B. Bottner, J-P. Damien

    Teylor & Francis  Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy    2020.07

    10.1080/13880292.2020.1788778  Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)


    Legislation to control invasive alien species for nature conservation is a relatively new area. We examined: (1) whether prohibition of sale and release into the wild can stop dispersal of invasive alien aquatic plants; (2) who is responsible for managing an invaded site; (3) whether government procedure is needed to carry out management; and (4) whether herbicide use is legalized in managing invasive alien aquatic plants. We carried out case studies on the management of water primrose(Ludwigia grandiflora)in France, England and Japan, which are all developed countries in the Palaearctic realm, and where it is regarded as one of the most invasive alien aquatic plants. All three countries have introduced prohibition of sale and release, but only England has clearly introduced landowner responsibility and has applied it. All three countries have effectively halted its commercial trade, but have not yet stopped its dispersion, while England has succeeded local eradication in a considerable part of detected sites and stabilized the number of actual sites. While in France and Japan many unmanaged sites remain, all detected sites are managed in England. France prohibited herbicide use near and in water systems and in Japan, officials are reluctant to use herbicide. On the contrary, England has legalized herbicide use around water systems, under strict conditions. The landowner responsibility is an important element of legislation to manage IAS, and legalization of herbicide use around water systems, in avoiding damages for other living organisms, could contribute to its local eradication.

  • Converting an Agricultural Village to Wetlands: A Nature Restration Project in Tiengemeten Islands, Netherlandes and its Background

    Kenji Kamigawara

    School of Global Environmental Studies, Sophia Univeristy  Global Environmental Studies  (15)   103 - 13  2020.03

    Single Work  


    A nature restoration project to convert an agricultural village to wetlands has been carrying out in a small island, Tiengemeten, in the delta area, south-west Netherlands. An environmental NGO, Natuurmonumenten, has been promoting this project which was officially opened for public in 2007.

  • Who should manage on sites? –the second generation element of a legal system to control invasive alien plants.

    Kenji Kamigawara & Shinya Hieda

     NEOBIOTA 2018: 10th International Conference on Biological Invasions    2018.09

    Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)


    In 2002 the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted the Guiding Principles on the control of invasive alien species (decision VI/23), which has a state-centered perspective in order to support party states. On the other hand, in the field of natural resources management and, in some degree, invasive alien species management, the idea of multilevel collaborative management has been developed. After 2002, several countries such as England, France and Japan have introduced legal systems to control invasive alien species for biodiversity conservation, such as prohibition of introduction and trade. Among those three countries, only England has obliged landowners to manage invasive alien plants in their properties. This legal provision has contributed relatively rapid response to Ludwigia grandiflora, invasive aquatic plant native to South and Central America and Southern parts of the USA, which has resulted their local eradication in 10 sites until 2015. France and Japan have not obliged anyone to carry out on-site management. It depends on the discretion of government officials or private landowners. It is difficult to expect rapid response in those situation. Then we should clarify what is the meaning of “responsibility” of landowners in the reality of implementation. We carried out interviews with government officials, site managers and researchers, and visited management sites in England in September 2016 and September 2017. We found that landowners must not carry out on-site management solely by themselves. The Environment Agency provided technical advices to landowners. In addition, in some case the Environment Agency and the Natural England, executive non-departmental public body, provided financial support for landowners in carrying out on-site management. We should recognize responsibility of landowners as an important element of multilevel collaborative management.

  • How the society of England has responded to invasive alien plant Ludwigia grandiflora?

    Shinya Hieda

    The Center for Environmental Information Science  Journal of Environmental Information Science  47 (2)    2018.06

    Joint Work  Joint(The main charge)

  • Rapid Response Thesis and Policy Process in Managing Invasive Alien Species - Casse Studies on Amphibian Alien Plants Control

    Kenji Kamigawara

    Center for Environmental Information Science  Papers on Environmental Information Science, No. 30  (30)   133 - 138  2016.11

    Single Work  

  • How the Alien Species Act had been developed?; Guidelines, Epistemic Community, Learning

    Kenji Kamigawara

     29   345 - 350  2015.11

    Single Work  

  • Questionnaire Survey on Conserbation Activities by Zoos and Their Institutional Challenges

    Shiho Kawasaki, Kenji Kamigawara

    Society for the Study of Human Animal Relations  Japanese Journal of Human Animal Relations  41   58 - 63  2015.09

    Joint Work  Joint(The vice charge)

  • Comparative typological study of change in global environmental regimes

    Kenji Kamigawara

    Springer  International Environmental Agreements:Politics, Law and Economics    2013.11

    10.1007/s10784-013-9229-y  Single Work  


    A comparative typological study of change in global environmental regimes is presented in this paper. Ernst B. Haas’s “three models of change” is chosen as a framework to explain change in the regimes. The models are (1) incremental growth, (2) turbulent nongrowth, and (3) managed interdependence. They reflect the shift of power balance among member states and their knowledge of policies. The models are applied to five case studies covering the Ramsar, CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna), Basel, Ozone, and Climate regimes, which have been in effect for over 15 years. The three models help explain diverse changes in those regimes. Five factors, (1) shift of power balance and political leadership, (2) the scope of the regime (narrow or wide), (3) institutional legacy, (4) consensual knowledge and conflict of political value, and (5) learning between rival groups, have made major contribution to the change in those regimes.

display all >>

Review Papers 【 display / non-display

  • Odor Regulation and Odor Measurement in Japan

    Kenji Kamigawara

    Ministry of the Environment of Japan  Odor Measurement Review   48 - 53  2003

     Single Work  

  • Law to control domestic trade in endangered species

    Kenji Kamigawara

     (68)   31 - 35  1987.09

     Single Work  

Conferences 【 display / non-display